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Trafficking Reports

Trafficking in Persons Report: January 2004 – April 2009, Attorney-General's Department

The inaugural report of the Anti-People Trafficking Interdepartmental Committee explores the trends and prevalence of human trafficking in Australia and examines the Australian government’s domestic and international strategy to eradicate human trafficking. Within this, it specifically explores Australia’s efforts to criminalise human trafficking, prosecute offenders and protect and assist victims and touches on how this strategy may develop in the future.

Trafficking in Persons Report: 1 May 2009–30 June 2010, Attorney-General's Department

The second report of the Anti-People Trafficking Interdepartmental Committee provides an overview of recent changes to the People Trafficking Visa Framework and Support for Victims of People Trafficking Program. It also examines recent amendments to Australian labour law which, through the introduction of the Worker Protection Act 2009, aims to provide greater protection to foreign workers. The report also addresses efforts to prosecute offenders of people trafficking, build partnerships with the community, develop an international response to the issue and improve data and our understanding around people trafficking.

Trafficking in Persons Report: 1 July 2010–30 June 2011, Attorney-General's Department

The third report of the Anti-People Trafficking Interdepartmental Committee reviews the application of Australia’s anti-trafficking framework including the investigation and prosecution of offenders by the Australian Federal Police, Fair Work Ombudsman and Australian Building and Construction Committee, the application of the Support for Trafficked People Program and the granting of visas to victims of trafficking. The report also explores the Australian government’s participation in regional and international efforts to combat people trafficking, such as the Bali Process, and the Australian Institute of Criminology’s major report on Labour Trafficking. Special mention is also made of government discussion papers released for public consultation, regarding the criminal justice response to people trafficking and slavery, reparations and vulnerable witness protections, and forced and servile marriage.

Trafficking in Persons Report: 1 July 2011–30 June 2012, Attorney-General's Department

The fourth report of the Anti-People Trafficking Interdepartmental Committee reviews the application of Australia’s anti-trafficking framework including investigation and prosecution of offenders by the Australian Federal Police, Fair Work Ombudsman and Fair Work Building and Construction, application of the Support for Trafficked People Program , granting of visas to victims of trafficking and partnerships with Australian and international organisations. The report also makes special mention of the visit of the UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking to Australia in November 2011.

Labour trafficking (2010), Australian Institute of Criminology

In 2008 the Australian Institute of Criminology commissioned research into labour trafficking in the Australian context in recognition of the fact that research into human trafficking has historically focused on the traffic of women and children for the purpose of sexual exploitation. This report presents the findings of this research and focuses on four key areas; the concept of labour trafficking, information available about incidents of labour trafficking brought to the attention of organisations within the Australian government framework, information about incidents brought to the attention of non-government and both existing and recommended responses to labour trafficking.

Trafficking in persons monitoring report: January 2009-June 2011, Australian Institute of Criminology

In its second monitoring report, the Australian Institute of Criminology explore the trends relating to the trafficking of persons in Australia and highlight patterns in the trafficking process evident within the Asia-Pacific region. The report also engages in analysis of the results of the AIC’s national online survey into community awareness and attitudes about victims of trafficking and publishes a number of useful statistics relating to trafficked persons in Australia.

Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice (June 2012), Australian Institute of Criminology

This paper analyses recently compiled data on the nature of people trafficked to Australia and contrasts the facts with public perception to highlight the need for improved monitoring systems and community awareness programs.

Trading Lives: Modern Day Human Trafficking (June 2013), Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade

In August 2012, the Committee was asked by the then Minister for Foreign Affairs, to inquire into and report on slavery, slavery-like conditions and people trafficking in Australia. The Committee welcomed submissions from various government bodies, non-government organisations and interested individuals, and tabled a report of its findings in June 2013. The report focuses on: Australia’s overall efforts to address people trafficking; effective international measures that could be implemented to address all forms of slavery, slavery like conditions and people trafficking.

Forced Labour: Definitions, Indicators and Measurement (2004), International Labour Organisation

This paper, written by Kanchana Ruwanpura and Pallavi Rai, is the first step in the formulation of a global estimate of human trafficking and is the precursor to the 2005 estimate. It explores the different forms of forced labour, the current indicators of forced labour, some methods that have been used for estimating forced labour in the past and provides some guidance for future work on the subject.

Global Report under the Follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (2005), International Labour Organisation

The ILO’s second global report (the first was published in 2001) explores the concept of ‘forced labour’ before presenting a minimum global estimate of the numbers of people in forced labour (the first ever calculated by an international organisation), analysis of the contemporary, global patterns of forced labour, critique of actions by member State to prevent forced labour and the organisation’s strategy for the next four years.

ILO Global Estimate of Forced Labour – Results and Methodology (2012), International Labour Organisation

In this report the ILO publish their revised global estimate of the numbers of people in forced labour and provide a detailed breakdown and evaluation of the methodology used to generate these results.

ILO Indicators of Forced Labour, International Labour Organisation

This booklet introduces eleven indicators of forced labour and provides a brief explanation and real-life example of each one.

Report of the Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons (18 May 2012), Special Rapporteur

This report follows the Special Rapporteur’s visit to Australia in November 2011 in which she makes a number of recommendations to the Australian Government with regard to developing a new framework for collecting data on trafficked persons, increasing capacity-building activities for government officials, addressing key gaps in the support programme and ongoing regional engagement to address the root causes of trafficking in sending countries.

Report of the Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons (7 August 2012), Special Rapporteur

This report includes an overview of the activities undertaken by the Special Rapporteur in the period 1 August 2011 to 31 July 2012 as well as an analysis of the issue of human trafficking in the supply chain. The report examines current efforts to prevent and combat human trafficking as implemented by States and businesses and offers conclusions and recommendations for both States and businesses, recognising that a multi-stakeholder approach is crucial in combatting this issue.

Hidden Exploitation: Women in forced labour, marriage and migration, Anti-Slavery Australia and Good Shepherd New Zealand

The report examines emerging areas of concern and focuses on the labour rights of Indigenous and migrant women and girls, women in transit, trafficked women and women who migrate through forced marriage.
The research aimed to identify emerging problems for migrant and Indigenous women and girls and to identify gaps in services and legal protections. The outcomes of the research are intended to be used by Good Shepherd Australia New Zealand to guide resource allocation and the development of new services, research and advocacy strategies. The initial focus will be on forced and servile marriage, an emerging issue in Australia and for Australians.

Trafficking in Persons Report 2011, US Department of State, June 2011


The 11th annual Trafficking in Persons Report outlines the ongoing challenges of combating of human trafficking, and emphasises that no country is immune. The 2011 report calls for a ‘Decade of Delivery’ charging countries with the responsibility to make good on existing commitments to prevent, prosecute and punish cases of human trafficking. The report identifies several key trends and topics of special interest, including the trafficking experiences of women and children, the plight of child soldiers, the connection between slavery and food security, and the types of psychological coercion used by traffickers over trafficked persons.

Trafficking in Persons Report 2012, US Department of State

This report focuses on victim protection – one aspect of the 3P Paradigm (prevention, prosecution and protection), designed to universally combat trafficking in persons – including methods and practices that effectively provide restoration to the lives of trafficking victims as well as opportunities which allow for a better future. The report also considers the following special interest topics: child soldiers; exploiting the world’s oceans; disabilities as a risk factor; and a new estimate of modern slavery in the world.

Trafficking in Persons Report 2013, US Department of State

In this report, the US Department of State emphasises the importance of effective victim identification in combating the issue of human trafficking globally and outlines some key approaches and policies implemented by States that have been successful in identifying potential victims and drawing them out of exploitive circumstances. As in previous years, the report also highlights a number of topics of special interest including: who can identify trafficking victims; human trafficking and armed conflict; male trafficking victims; and child soldiers.

Event Report: The State of Counter-Trafficking Research – Researcher, Programmer and Donor Perspectives, Strategic Information Response Network (SIREN), 20 June 2011

image004This report critically reviews the state of anti-trafficking research globally, seeking to identify methodologies and approaches, and perspectives on the need for research from practitioners and donors. SIREN – bringing together UN Agencies working on counter-trafficking initiatives – delivers high quality, responsive, and up-to-date data and analysis on cutting edge issues within the human trafficking sector, primarily in the Greater Mekong Sub-region. SIREN conveys information to the human counter-trafficking sector in a variety of different forms: briefing reports, analytical field reports, case studies, maps, data sheets, and discussion forums and events.

Report of the UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, 13 April 2011

image006This report includes an overview of the activities undertaken by the Special Rapporteur as well as an analysis of an effective remedy for trafficked persons.

In the report, the Special Rapporteur clearly establishes the concept of an effective remedy as a human right, outlining the international legal framework of this right and what it entails in the specific context of trafficked persons. She also focuses on what special factors need to be considered in realizing this right particularly for trafficked children.

Unprotected Work, Invisible Exploitation: Trafficking for the Purpose of Domestic Servitude, UN Global Initiative to Fight Trafficking (UN.GIFT), February 2011

image007This paper is based on desk research, field work and case study analyses in order to shed light on one of the most invisible forms of modern-day slavery, and provides a policy tool for decision makers and practitioners dealing with trafficking in human beings in terms of prevention, prosecution and protection of trafficked persons' rights, including assistance and support.

Legal and Policy Review: Responses to Human Trafficking in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka, UN Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC)/UN Women, UN Global Initiative to Fight Trafficking (UN.GIFT), 2011

image010This report considers legal and policy responses to human trafficking in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Commissioned jointly by UNODC and UN Women under the UN Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT) the report examines country specific laws to understand where the gaps in responses lie, and how states in South Asia can be assisted to fill those gaps.

Inquiry into People Trafficking for Sex Work, Drugs and Crime Prevention Committee, Parliament of Victoria, June 2010

image012In its inquiry, the Drugs and Crime Prevention Committee identifies the challenges faced by women who have been trafficked to work in the sex industry in Victoria. The inquiry notes that the lack of investigations, evidence, and community awareness of sex-trafficking, and highlights the difficulty victims have in accessing support services. The Committee recommends the establishment of a unit in the Department of Justice, which has specialist knowledge about working with trafficked women.

Don’t waste the crisis, International Labour Organisation

image013In light of the lessons learned from the current global financial and economic crisis, the essays collected in "Don’t waste the crisis" present new economic and social models, and discuss ways in which labour strategies can be redefined amidst the crisis. Despite the variety of opinions, all contributors agree that labour needs to have a “more confident and more inclusive approach”, particularly towards “informal and unprotected workers”.

Offshoring and working conditions in remote work, ILO

image014This volume is a comprehensive study of the implications of the phenomenon of outsourcing and offshoring (broadly termed as ‘remote work’), as it is not focused on economic growth and employment, but rather the issues and concerns regarding remote work, its impact on the labour market in general and the workforce in some of the affected countries, and the possible implications for working and employment conditions in countries where these industries are growing rapidly.

International labour migration: A rights-based approach, ILO

image015This report first examines trends, impacts on origin and destination countries, and the conditions experienced by migrant workers. It then details the relevant international instruments, exploring how they can support the formulation and implementation of migration policies and practices. It also identifies critical elements for migration governance and international cooperation.

Trapped – the exploitation of migrant workers in Malaysia, Amnesty International, March 2010

This report examines the working conditions of migrant workers in Malaysia, and identifies as a major concern the lack of protection from the Malaysian government. The report also outlines how recruitment agencies in the migrant workers’ home countries demand large sums of money in order to secure jobs in Malaysia, which may not even exist. Many are deceived about the amount they will be paid, their employer, and the type of work they will do.


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