This factsheet examines human trafficking for exploitation in the sex industry in Australia. To date the majority of identified cases of human trafficking in Australia have occurred in the commercial sex industry.
Trafficking for sexual exploitation, or sex trafficking, occurs when a person is coerced or deceived into working in conditions of servitude, slavery or debt bondage.
Sex trafficking is a serious crime under Division 271 of the Criminal Code Act 1995. It is an offence to:
- Facilitate the movement of a person into, out of or within Australia, deceiving them about the fact or nature of sexual services to be provided, or about the amount of debt owed, or the extent to which they will be free to leave (Div. 271.2)
- Facilitate the transportation of a person under 18, intending or reckless as to whether the person will be used to provide sexual services (Div. 271.4).